UNO Full Form – United Nations Organisation


UNO Full Form is the United Nations Organisation, and it serves as a discussion forum to debate issues concerning all of humanity.The United Nations is a component of the UN System, which comprises a vast array of organs (agencies) and programmes. The ICJ (International Court of Justice), the World Bank, and UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation) are examples of specialised agencies. Every member belongs to the General Assembly.

The Security Council, which consists of five permanent members and ten elected members who are not permanent, decides on the admission of new nations. The United Nations is led by the Secretary-General and is headquartered in New York City, United States. In total, there were 51 founding members of the United Nations Organisation. Presently, approximately 193 nations belong to the United Nations.


Following the conclusion of World War II in 1945, officials from 51 countries convened in San Francisco, California, from April 25 to June 26, 1945. The UN Charter was written during the two-month-long summit. It suggested the establishment of a new international entity known as the United Nations. Its purpose was to avoid future big wars or conflicts like the one the world had recently seen and to foster global peace.

On October 24, 1945, the United Nations was established. A new organisation was formed, and the globe began a new age of peace that was more stable. Throughout its existence, the United countries has been able to avert serious confrontations on the size of global wars and has become the venue where countries offer their hand of goodwill.

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The Goal of the United Nations

The United Nations serves four primary functions:

  • Keeping the peace across the planet.
  • Establish and nurture cordial connections among member nations.
  • To assist countries in cooperating towards the shared goals of alleviating poverty, combating hunger, sickness, and illiteracy, and encouraging respect for each other’s rights and freedoms.
  • To become the focal point for bringing countries together in order to accomplish all of these aims.

United Nations Organisations

  • General Assembly: The General Assembly is the United Nations’ primary cognitive and policy-making body, with universal representation, that is, all member nations are represented in the General Assembly. Every September, the General Assembly gathers to examine and debate topics of peace and security. It also chooses a General Assembly president for a one-year term.
  • Security Council: Under the UN Charter, the Security Council is charged with the primary task of safeguarding global peace. Each council member gets one vote. The council identifies occurrences that may pose a danger to peace and security and calls on its members to assist the concerned parties in resolving the issue peacefully via diplomatic methods. The Security Council is led by a Presidency that rotates every month. It has a total of 15 members, with 5 of them being permanent.
  • Economic and Social Council: It is the primary organisation for economic coordination, evaluation, and discourse, as well as the execution of globally agreed-upon development objectives. It also acts as a venue for debate on long-term development objectives. It has 54 members in total, who are chosen by the General Assembly for three-year periods that overlap.
  • Trusteeship Council: The Trusteeship Council was established in 1945 under Chapter XIII of the UN Charter with the primary objective of supervising the operation of the 11 Trust areas put under the management of the council’s seven members. The members were responsible for ensuring the growth of local government in these states. The council was disbanded in 1994, when the majority of Trust territory gained independence. It may convene again on the President’s proposal or at the request of a majority of the council, the General Assembly, or the Security Council.
  • International Court of JusticeThe International Court of Justice is the primary judicial arm of the United Nations, with its headquarters in The Hague, Netherlands. This body’s major duty is to resolve disputes between member nations in conformity with international law, as well as to give views and recommendations on topics presented or referred to it.
  • Secretariat: It is made up of the Secretary-General and international United Nations staff members who carry out the day-to-day administration of the United Nations Systems as directed by the General Assembly. The Secretary-General is appointed by the General Assembly for a five-year term on the suggestion of the Security Council. The secretariat also serves as the organization’s patron and advocate for the world’s people, particularly the impoverished and vulnerable.

The United Nations’ Success

It is impossible to establish if the UN proposal was successful or not. However, the common consensus is that, although the UN has its own set of mistakes, the present Russian invasion of Ukraine being the most recent example, it has helped to avert innumerable wars and has allowed nations to peacefully settle their disagreements. Aside from that, it has also played a role in moving the globe towards sustainability and has made attempts to conserve nations’ cultural legacy. In 2001, the United Nations was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its work in peacekeeping.

The following are some of the United Nations’ biggest victories:

  • Cease-fire in 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict
  • During the 1947 Indo-Pak Kashmir war, there was a cease-fire.
  • Congo and West New Guinea were helped to decolonize.
  • Libya’s withdrawal from disputed territory in compliance with an ICJ order.
  • Expulsion of Iraq from Kuwait

UNO’s Interesting Facts

  • Following World War II, 51 nations convened in San Francisco with the shared objective of maintaining international peace and security, and the intention of signing a treaty known as the United Nations Charter, which established the United Nations Organisation (UNO) on October 24, 1945.
  • The United Nations Organisation now has 193 member nations.
  • Antonio Guterres is the United Nations Organization’s ninth Secretary-General.
  • At the moment, member countries are collaborating to combat climate change.
  • The five primary organs established by the UN Charter are central to the organisation. Four of the five principal organs are headquartered at the main UN Headquarters in New York City, while the ICJ is based in The Hague.
  • The United Nations as an entity and Kofi Annan as Secretary-General received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001.


The United Nations is an international organisation that promotes peace, friendship, and the liberation of the vulnerable all throughout the globe. While it has limits and downsides, it has so far prevented any large-scale confrontation involving major international powers.

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